Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs due to the increased level of glucose in human blood. Glucose is the main source of energy for human body and it comes from the food we eat regularly. Diabetes develops because of the impairment in the ability of body to process glucose. There is a hormone called insulin made by pancreas that has a function of processing glucose into energy. Abnormality in insulin secretion and its actions result in diabetes. The glucose stored in the blood does not convert into energy because of which blood sugar level remains raised.
At 1300 Dr To Me After Hours Home Doctor, our after hours doctors commonly treat patients with exacerbated symptoms of diabetes. Our after hours doctors provide an assessment, treatment, and management of your medical condition until you can see your regular GP again for a review.
Before going ahead it is important to look into the role of glucose and insulin in the human body.
What is Insulin?
Insulin is an important hormone in the human body that is released by pancreas a gland present beneath the stomach. Insulin is secreted and released into the bloodstream. Insulin secreted in blood makes blood sugar enter the body cells where it is processed. When the level of insulin reduces in blood the sugar level in bloodstream becomes high leading to the symptoms of diabetes.
What is Glucose?
Glucose is the main source of energy in the human body. Muscles and tissues depend on the energy provided by glucose. Two main sources of glucose include liver and food. In bloodstream, sugar is absorbed and enters cells with insulin. The liver also makes and store glucose. When the level of glucose is low in body for instance when someone has not eaten for a while the glucose in liver breaks and keeps the blood sugar in normal ranges.
According to the Australian Society of Diabetes (2019), 1.2 million people diagnosed with diabetes are registered. Along with this, there may be up to 500,000 cases of silent or undiagnosed diabetes in the country.
There are three common types of diabetes like Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and Gestational diabetes.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs when the body defense cells attack the insulin-producing beta cells of pancreas leading to reduced level of this hormone in body. Exact causes are yet to be found but it is a common perception that Type 1 Diabetes is caused by environmental and hereditary factors. Almost 10% of diabetics are suffering from Type 1 diabetes. This type of diabetes can develop at any age.
Type 2 Diabetes: It is generally called as insulin resistance diabetes. In Type 2 diabetes human cells do not completely respond to insulin which results in increased blood sugar levels. This type of diabetes is also called hyperglycemia. It is mostly diagnosed in aged persons but can also be presenting children and young individuals. Among the diabetes patients almost 90% is suffering from this type of diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes: This type of diabetes usually occurs in pregnant women. Females during pregnancy with gestational diabetes face problems like increased weight of baby, high blood pressure and obstructed labor. It is also estimated that half of the women after delivery suffer from Type 2 diabetes. 204 million female is suffering from this disease across the globe and this number is expected to increase to 308 million by 2045. In Australia, thousands of pregnant women are being affected by Gestational diabetes. About 10-14 percent of the total pregnant women in Australia are facing this issue.
After Hours Doctors – Home Visits in Perth
If you or your family member are experiencing ill-health symptoms and your regular GP is not accessible, call 1300 Dr To Me After Hours Home Doctor Team to request for a doctor’s home visit. Our doctors can provide you with an assessment, diagnosis, and treatment for your most immediate concerns.
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Disclaimer: 1300 Dr To Me provides free health information blogs for the community to increase awareness on health & medical topics. The information in this article is educative and does not constitute diagnosis. Please consult a doctor, or request an urgent after-hours home doctor visit should you or your family members need medical assistance. If you or your family member are experiencing a medical emergency, please call 000.