High Blood pressure - After Hours Doctor

Basics of a High Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the force with which the blood is pumped around the body by the heart. High blood pressure is a condition faced by many people where the force with which the blood strikes with the artery is very high. It leads to complications such as heart issues, stroke risks, and kidney problems. The amount of resistance to blood flow by the arteries and the amount of force with which the heart pumps the blood determines the blood pressure. When narrower arteries show more resistance to blood that comes with force from heart the blood pressure rises. Some people might have high blood pressure without symptoms for years. High blood pressure can also damage blood vessels and heart that may also remain undetected. If not controlled on time, the risk of health problems increases that might include stroke and heart attack. 

High blood pressure usually develops over a period of years and it affects overall health of the patient. There is a need to detect it at an earlier stage so measures can be taken to reduce its negative effects on body organs. Fortunately, it is quite easy to measure blood pressure and detect associated problems. Blood pressure is measured in mmHg (millimetre mercury). Two main figures of blood pressure are systolic and diastolic BP.

Systolic BP: It is the pressure with which the blood is pushed from the heart 

Diastolic BP: Pressure of blood when the heart rests with between the beats 

Blood pressure is denoted as Systolic/diastolic pressure. If someone’s systolic BP is 140 and diastolic is 90 it will be denoted as 140/90mmhg. Ideally, the blood pressure should range from 90/60mmHg to 120/80mmHg. When blood pressure is more than 140/90mmHg it is considered as high BP and when it is below 90/60mmHg it is called lower BP. 

Usually an unhealthy lifestyle and eating habits along with smoking and drinking cause blood pressure to rise. Too much alcohol or being overweight and not doing enough exercise makes a person susceptible to high BP. If it is left untreated the chances of developing serious illnesses such as kidney and heart diseases over a long time period are also higher. In most of the ethnicities, with increased age, high BP is experienced. People above 75 years of age can face hypertension. They have CVD risk factors. Attention is required to improve healthier lifestyle to reduce the onset of such risks. 

Low blood pressure is also a problem that is quite uncommon. It can happen because of some underlying conditions such as dehydration and heart failure. Other causes may involve the side effects of some medicines.

Standard Classification of BP: 

Classification of BP

Systolic

Diastolic

Medical Urgency

Normal BP

<120

<80

Nil

High BP

120-140

80-90

Consult Doctor

High BP stage 1

140-159

90-100

Seek Urgent Medical Advice

High BP stage 2

>160

>100

Seek Urgent Medical Advice

 

Monitoring Blood Pressure

Lifestyle and diet management is the key to avoid BP fluctuations. High BP can be deteriorating to health, specially if you are predisposed to a High BP. Certain lifestyle changes may work in such a situation. Health complications can be avoided by blood pressure monitors. These monitors are available on the market and are easy to use. The doctor can assist you in choosing the right device for blood pressure monitoring. The patient needs to stick to healthier diet and do Regular visits to doctor to keep BP in control. Patients are also told by the doctor about how often you need to check your BP. Changes in medication and treatment options are devised by the doctor when a change in the BP is witnessed. 

At 1300 Dr To Me After Hours Home Doctor, our after hours doctors often treat patients with urgent BP complications causing symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, nausea, light headedness, tachycardia, and weakness. If you are hypertensive and require ongoing treatment for BP, you should maintain your management and treatment as advised by your regular GP. In the event that you have an urgent need for medical assistance and your regular GP is not available, our after hours doctors can assist with an assessment, treatment and management of your condition.

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Disclaimer: 1300 Dr To Me provides free health information blogs for the community to increase awareness on health & medical topics. The information in this article is educative and does not constitute diagnosis. Please consult a doctor, or request an urgent after-hours home doctor visit should you or your family members need medical assistance. If you or your family member are experiencing a medical emergency, please call 000.

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